aprenda heading
redline
  Level 1 Level 2 Topics Vocabulary 1 Vocabulary 2 Webquests Practice 1 Practice 2 ASCII Codes Home
redline
 
 
  Affirmative 
  
    informal commands
Key vocabulary
ten (tener) have (to have) ven (venir) come (to come) s (ser) be (to be)
    pon (poner) put (to put) ve (ir) go (to go) haz (hacer) do, make (to do, to make)
    sal (salir) leave, go out (to leave, to go out)  

Affirmative informal commands

diamond bullet used with people you would address as t
In general, t is used to indicate informal, first-name basis relationships, i.e. friends, classmates, children, someome your own age, and most relatives
diamond bullet give orders or telling someone what to do
diamond bullet often referred to as the imperative form of the verb
diamond bullet affirmative (positive)  form (does not include negative word)
    drop s second person singular present tense (the t form)
  for command think:  If YES, remove the S
    is identical to the third person singular (l, ella, usted)
Infinitive Infinitive meaning affirmative command command meaning
estudiar to study estudia study!
comer to eat come eat!
vivir to live vive live!

diamond bullet

Several verbs have irregular affirmative forms and should be memorized.  They do not follow a pattern.
 
Infinitive Infinitive meaning Affirmative Command Command meaning
hacer to make, to do haz make, do!
poner to put, to place pon put, place!
ir to go ve go!
venir to come ven come!
salir to leave, to go out sal leave!
ser to be s Be!
tener to have ten have!

Examples
steps to form affirmative informal command using the verb preparar, beber, and escribir.
1. start with infinitive form
2. use second person singular (t form) present tense
3. drop the s
4. this is the affirmative informal command
1. preparar
2. preparas
3. preparas
4. prepara (prepare)
1. beber
2. bebes
3. bebes
4. beb (drink)
1. escribir
2. escribes
3. escribes
4. escribe (write)
if the verb is stem changing it retains the stem change for the affirmative informal command  almorzar, volver, and dormir.
1. start with infinitive form
2. use second person singular (t form) present tense
3. drop the s
4. this is the affirmative informal command
1. almorzar
2. almuerzas
3. almuerzas
4. almuerza (eat lunch)
1. volver
2. vuelves
3. vuelves
4. vuelve (come back)
1. dormir
2. duermes
3. duermes
4. duerme (sleep)
Change the following sentences into an affirmative informal command (the verb is underlined)
T bailas. Baila el almuerzo. 1. start with infinitive form - bailar
2. use second person singular (t form) present tense - bailas
3. drop the s - bailas
4. affirmative informal command  - baila

You dance.

Dance.
Yo leo. Lee. 1. start with infinitive form - leer
2. use second person singular (t form) present tense - lees
3. drop the s - lees
4. affirmative informal command  - lee

I read.

Read.
Abrimos las ventanas. Abre las ventanas. 1. start with infinitive form - abrir
2. use second person singular (t form) present tense - abres
3. drop the s - abres
4. affirmative informal command  - abre

We open the windows.

Open the windows.
Empieza ahora. Empieza ahora. 1. start with infinitive form - empiezar
2. use second person singular (t form) present tense - empiezas
3. drop the s - Empiezas
4. affirmative informal command  - empieza

He begins now.

Begin now.
Juegan al ftbol. Juega al ftbol. 1. start with infinitive form - jugar
2. use second person singular (t form) present tense - juegas
3. drop the s - juegas
4. affirmative informal command  - juega

They play soccer.

Play soccer.
blank
 

"Language is at the core of human existence. Through language we express the hopes and dreams we hold for our families, our state and our nation. The ability to communicate in a second language enables us to know the hopes, dreams and visions of others around the world."  

blank
blank