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  Level 1 Level 2 Topics Vocabulary 1 Vocabulary 2 Webquests Practice 1 Practice 2 ASCII Codes Home
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  Affirmative
    informal commands  
 
with direct object pronouns
Review vocabulary and grammar
diamond bullet Review direct object pronouns (link)
diamond bullet Review direct affirmative informal commands (link)
           
Affirmative informal commands with direct object pronouns

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Attached to end of affirmative informal command

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command of more than one syllable add accent to stressed vowel (vowel before command ending)
      Corta el c  

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No accent required if command is one sylable
 
Examples
steps to attaching direct object pronoun to affirmative informal command using the sentence Geraldo abre el libro.
1. Geraldo abre el libro.
2. Geraldo abre el libro.
3. el libro = lo



4. form the command


5. attach direct object pronoun and add accent if required
1. Geraldo opens the book.
2. Geraldo opens the book.
3. el libro = it (masculine, singular)



4. abre


5. ábrelo
1. find the verb (action) → abre
2. find the direct object  → Geraldo opens who? or what?  →  el libro
3. determine the correct direct object pronoun to replace el libro  → as indicated by the definite article el, el libro is a masculine, singular noun. Therefore lo, the masculine singular direct object pronoun is required.
4. drop s second person singular present tense (the form:
          abrir
(infinitive) → abres (second person singular present tense)  →
          abre (affirmative informal command)

5. abre (affirmative informal command) + lo (direct object pronoun) + accent (if necessary) = ábrelo
Change the following sentences into an affirmative informal command (the verb is underlined)
preparas el almuerzo. Prepáralo. 1. start with infinitive form - preparar
2. use second person singular (tú form) present tense - preparas
3. drop the s - preparas
4. affirmative informal command  - baila
5. find the direct object - Who? or What? is being prepared? - el almuerzo
6. determine correct direct object pronoun - lo
6. attach pronoun to the affirmative command and add accent if necessary - Prepáralo.

You prepare lunch.

Prepare it.
Yo leo. Lee. 1. start with infinitive form - leer
2. use second person singular (tú form) present tense - lees
3. drop the s - lees
4. affirmative informal command  - lee

I read.

Read.
Abrimos las ventanas. Abre las ventanas. 1. start with infinitive form - abrir
2. use second person singular (tú form) present tense - abres
3. drop the s - abres
4. affirmative informal command  - abre

We open the windows.

Open the windows.
Empieza ahora. Empieza ahora. 1. start with infinitive form - empiezar
2. use second person singular (tú form) present tense - empiezas
3. drop the s - Empiezas
4. affirmative informal command  - empieza

He begins now.

Begin now.
Juegan al fútbol. Juega al fútbol. 1. start with infinitive form - jugar
2. use second person singular (tú form) present tense - juegas
3. drop the s - juegas
4. affirmative informal command  - juega

They play soccer.

Play soccer.
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